An assisted living residence or assisted living facility is a housing facility for people with disabilities or for adults who cannot or who choose not to live independently.
Assisted living is part of a continuum of long term care services that provides a combination of housing, personal care services, and health care designed to respond to individuals who need assistance with normal daily activities in a way that promotes maximum independence.
Assisted living services can be provided in freestanding communities, near or integrated with skilled nursing homes or hospitals, as components of continuing care retirement communities, or at independent housing complexes.
Although more and more assisted living communities are offering “All Inclusive” rates. The All Inclusive model is preferred for its simplicity and for the predictability of cost month to month. However, it may not always be the most economical approach to paying for assisted living care.
Assisted living communities whether all-inclusive or not should include at a minimum, clean, well-cared-for housing and grounds for residents to enjoy. All-inclusive assisted living communities should take it a step further by also including an apartment with options to furnish it yourself or a fully furnished apartment with everything your loved one needs.
They should also be operated by highly qualified experts, three daily chef-prepared meals and snacks and the option to work with special dietary needs. Lastly, they should offer weekly housekeeping, laundry and ongoing facility maintenance.
Assisted Living Cost
The average cost of assisted living in Texas, as of 2019, is $3,795 / month, which is slightly under the national average of $4,000 / month.
Assisted living costs in Texas vary with the residence, apartment size, and types of services needed. The basic rate may cover all services or there may be additional charges for special services.
Traditionally, Medicare does not cover the costs of assisted living or long-term care facilities. However, Medicare will cover qualified healthcare costs while your loved one is living at a certain facility. Medicare is more often used to pay for a skilled nursing facility or home health care.
Most assisted living residences charge on a month-to-month lease arrangement, but a few require long-term arrangements. Assisted living is of often less expensive than home health or nursing home care in the same geographic area.
Types of Assisted Living Facilities
- Type A Facility – Provides care for residents who do not require routine attendance during sleeping hours and are capable of following directions in an emergency.
Type B Facility – For residents who require staff assistance to evacuate and who are not capable of following directions in an emergency and require nighttime attendance.
Apartment Sizes and Services
Assisted living residents usually live in their own semi-private or private apartments, which include a furnished or unfurnished bedroom, kitchen area, and bathroom. Various types of apartments are available such as private studio apartments, one-bedroom private apartments, one-bedroom shared apartments, and dormitory-style bedroom arrangements. Assisted living includes:
- Assistance with daily living activities ADL’s (bathing, dressing, eating, toileting, etc.)
- Central dining programs that include three meals a day
- Educational activities
- Emergency call systems in private and common areas
- Exercise activities
- Health services and medication administration
- Housekeeping and maintenance
- Organized recreational activities
- Personal and/or non-personal laundry services
- Social services and religious activities
- Transportation arrangements
- Wellness programs
- 24-hour security
To re-cap, assisted living is a type of housing designed for people who need various levels of medical and personal care. Living spaces can be individual rooms, apartments, or shared quarters. The facilities generally provide a home-like setting and are physically designed to promote the resident’s independence.